Please answer only three out of the four following questions.
1- Is democracy the best form of government? What are the major criticisms of democratic rule? Explain the major challenges to democratization in the developing countries.
2- What is the major root cause of the ethnic conflicts? Use the greed model (loot-seeking) versus the grievances approach (justice-seeking) to explore the causes of a past or current ethnic conflict at your own choice (Syria, Rwanda, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Afghanistan, Iraq, Sri Lanka, Kurds in Turkey or any other ethnic conflict).
3- Why do not revolutions overall lead to democracies? What are the best alternatives to revolutionary change in order to attain democracy?
4- Why do we see the emergence of a phenomenon called the Feminization of Poverty at the global level? How can this problem be tackled in policy-making?