ch dev middle childhood discussion ch 11 12 13 reply 2

Post 2 – (at least a paragraph per peer here ) About 250 words for each one reply.

. – Discussion with 2 other students (a paragraph each). Use at least an 8 sentence paragraph in your response to each peer. When writing your response posts, be sure that they are relevant to the assignment and utilize the text! Make connections to their learning. Your responses should enhance the discussion.

Student 1:

Chapter 11

In this chapter, I have learned the importance of play so children can develop their motor skills. Children between the ages of 6 and 11 years old, they are strengthening their muscles as well as their hearts and lungs due to the physical activities (PPT). Since they are young, they have more stamina and can exercise for longer periods. Which makes sense because some parents and caregivers, like my mom for instance, are exhausted after playing with children at the end of the day. What I found interesting was that children under 18 years old, 14 percent have been diagnosed with asthma in the US. This may be caused by many factors such as genes, pollution, and hygiene. However, there are instances that people may not have asthma but have anxiety which causes the individual to be misdiagnosed. My dad has asthma and I always thought that I had it too, as it turns out that I have is acute anxiety that presents itself as asthma. Also, its interesting that children are diagnosed with mental disorders/conditions such as ADHD, dyslexia, Asperger’s syndrome during their adolescence. And if the child is diagnosed with a condition, parents as well as teachers must undergo special training in order to have basic understanding how to teach children because between the two, the child is the one who is greatly affected by the unprepared teacher/parents.

Chapter 12

Chapter 12 describes the importance of education that has on children and how impactful language can be when it is used to aid in understanding and learning different concepts that is can only be acquired from social interactions. According to Vygotsky, he believes that children who are around the age of attending school are “apprentices in learning” (PPT). What was interesting to note is that culture can affect the content which was learned as well as the method that was taught. This is not a bad interference because children who come from different cultures, such as India, adapt their learning to fit their family’s cultural traditions and broaden their minds. What I also thought was interesting was that children from high traffic areas and lots of tourist attractions, like in India or Brazil, sell to tourists by using math and develop business skills. During my childhood, I would help my dad as a cashier or a assistant whenever he needed help and could not leave me at home unsupervised. Through each of these sells, I learn how to calculate mentally and anticipate what was selling quickly before we start to lose customers. This is similar to the information process Siegler’s studied because I did not know the meaning or value numbers held and gradually, each transaction helped me develop an understanding and a better strategy for calculation. In the end, cognitive tasks such as practicing a new language or adapting one’s surroundings involves the ability to determine to best way to accomplish through trail-and-error and adjust the execution on said task. Overall, children learn different from their peers depending on family values and tradition as well as socioeconomic status.

Chapter 13

In chapter 13, I learn of self-concept which is a sign of psychosocial maturation during the development during the years of middle childhood. Through self-concept, children developed the idea how they perceived themselves that includes their intellectual and physical abilities, gender, and ethnic backgrounds (PPT). At this age, children can experience a great deal of stress, such as frequent moves which disrupts their schooling and developing social circles or changes in caregivers, have yet to develop a functioning coping mechanism unlike the adults in their life. And based off these factors, children are susceptible to bullying and/or peer pressure because these children may find it harder to befriend others, expect to move again or desperate enough to fit in with their peers. This often leads to impaired judgement and social understanding, withdrawal, and depression. Not all is lost because there are efforts to eliminate and identifying bullying in school by intervening before the bullying progresses. Although, parents who instill the same parenting style and faith as their parents before does not necessarily mean they share the same experiences or environment. My mom who lived in a village often compares her experiences as a child to my sister and I who know life in the city. All in all, children learn from others on their way of handling stress in a positive and healthy manner.

Resilience/ Bullying/ Moral Reasoning

Watching the videos about the importance of resilience and moral reasoning, I realized that the desire of becoming a better person is if one is internally motivated. In Tedtalk’s Falling Up, Dr. Gregg Steinburg describes the stages of transcendence and overcoming tragedy and move away from being a “me” (someone who thinks only of themselves) to a “we” (someone who thinks of others). It is as if tragedy shifts a person’s views and present them a purpose that hides within like a diamond in the rough. Bullying is a tragedy that children often fall victim to and can lower their self-esteem which prevents them from to rise up, to be resilient. Moral reasoning suggests that bullying is wrong and the one who is antagonizing others should be punished. But at the same time, the bully could be acting out because of problems at home or a fatal tragedy and has yet to transcend above in order to achieve greatness. It can be any number of factors why bullying occurs and why they target specific individuals. Also, it is interesting that one idea correlates with the other and these lessons at taught throughout one’s lifetime. In the end, it depends on the individual if they are willing to wake up and change their lives for the better or conform to what they are familiar with and not be happy.

Which videos Supported your learning?

The videos that stood out to me were the Ted Talk about resilience and the Kohlberg’s stages of moral development. Learning about resilience throughout this period in our lives is crucial because the stress of not knowing what tomorrow will bring can cause people to react irrationally. In these tough times, people act without fully anticipating the consequences of their actions may create conflict in a child who is learning about morals. There have been individuals who are caught on security cameras stealing from pharmacies because they believe this is the way to provide for their families that have been impacted by this global crisis. And as Dr. Steinberg stated in times of tragedy or grief, many individuals switch their mindset and strive to be a better person like Petra who started charities that build schools in impoverish countries. Also, learning from the stages of moral development and hearing the interviews help me understand how others perceived the world and what they would do in response to the Heinz’s story. Which reminded me of an experiment where babies would watch a puppet show where one is mean to the other and afterwards, the babies would either choose the puppet that was mean or that was mistreated. Babies already have the ability to acknowledge an individual who is mean and know that they should be dislike. It is interesting to know the different responses because everyone is different and no two are alike, not even twins.

Student 2:

Chapter 11:
I found the concept of specific learning disorders interesting in chapter 11. Specific learning disorders are “a marked deficit in a particular area of learning that is not caused by an apparent physical disability, by an intellectual disability, or by an unusually stressful home environment” (page 365). The concept elaborates on dyslexia, dyscalculia, and dysgraphia. Dyslexia is when a person has “unusual difficulty with reading”, and it was “thought to be the result of some neurological underdevelopment” (PPT 36). Dyscalculia deals with an “unusual difficulty with math, probably originating from a distinct part of the brain” (PPT 36). A person with dysgraphia experiences “difficulties with spelling and writing” (PPT 36). I found this information interesting because I was unaware that dyscalculia and dysgraphia exist. I think it important for a parent and educator to know about these learning disabilities so that they can spot if their child or student has trouble learning. In addition, they can work on how to help the child learn if they are aware of his/her special needs. Policymakers should also know about these different learning disabilities so that they can create rules that will help them earn an education just like other students. I would use this knowledge to figure out what I can do to help someone adjust to a new environment.

Chapter 12:
Chapter 12 explained Piaget’s theory of concrete operational thought, a “term for the ability to reason logically about direct experiences and perceptions” (page 377). Children show that they can think logically through classification, transitive inference, and seriation. Classification is where children learn to organize things into groups, such as grouping animals and flowers. Transitive inference is the “ability to figure out the unspoken link between one fact and another” (PPT 5). Seriation is the “knowledge that things can be arranged in logical series” (PPT 5). I found this information interesting because, in previous chapters, I learned about Piaget’s preoperational thought. Now, I get to learn his concrete operational thought and how older kids advance in their cognitive abilities. It is important for a parent and educator to know these concepts so that they can make sure that kids are up to par in their cognitive development. Knowing these concepts can allow a parent or educator to notice if a kid is struggling with learning if he/she does not express such concepts. If the child is struggling, then the parent or educator can find different ways to help the kid learn and fulfill such concepts.

Chapter 13:
The topic of bullying is discussed in chapter 13. Bullying is a “repeated, systematic effort to inflict harm through physical, verbal, or social attacks on a weaker person” (PPT 37). There are four types of bullying: physical, verbal, relational, and cyberbullying. Physical bullying deals with punching or kicking while verbal bullying involves teasing or name-calling. Relational bullying attempts to destroy “peer acceptance and friendship[s]” (PPT 38). This information interested me because I was not aware that there was a label for this type of bullying. Lastly, cyberbullying is bullying through electronic messages. People may bully due to brain abnormalities, their unstable environment at home, or because they are bullied themselves (bully-victim). Consequences of bullying may involve “impaired social understanding, lower school achievement, relationship difficulties, and depression” (PPT 39). It is important that parents and educators are aware of these types of bullying so that they can stop any harassment they see. In addition, they should be aware of the causes of bullying so that they can prevent a child from using bullying as a way to vent. They can also teach kids about the consequences of bullying to show them how harassment is not permissible. Policymakers should be aware of the concept of bullying so that they can create rules to prevent it and ways to correct the habit.

Videos:
I learned valuable information from the videos about resilience, bullying, and moral development. I learned that when faced in a tough situation, the best decision people can make is to live a meaningful and purposeful life. People should not dwell on their hardships but make the best of what they have and live happily. From the video about bullying, I learned that a way to prevent bullying is by educating. Parents should teach their children that violence is not the right way to express distress but communication is. They should encourage kids to communicate how they feel in order to solve problems and not bottle up emotions. The videos on moral development showed me how a person can change views on moral issues as they grow older. A way that these videos relate to one another is that bullying can be prevented if children realize that it is morally wrong and they will face consequences. If children do not learn and are still bullying, then the ones being bullied should not retaliate negatively but behave with resilience. With resilience, people can move on from their harsh past and live positively with good morals. Hopefully, bullies can eventually mature more and realize that they should live a more meaningful life–a life without bullying others but helping others instead.

Video that Supported Learning:
The TedTalk with Dr. Gregg Steinberg supported my learning about resilience. Not only did I learn to bounce back from setbacks, but I also learned that I should live a more meaningful life. Dr. Steinberg discussed how he knew some people who needed to experience hardships in order to live a happier, more purposeful life. He also said that despite the tragedies, the people were the happiest they can be because they found a real purpose in their life. Helping others, being kind, and being humble were factors that allowed them to be genuinely happy. I would apply what I learned from the video by finding a meaningful way to live life. I would also use tough situations to make me a stronger and better person. For example, I would try to work harder to achieve my goal and remember to stay kind and understanding to others since they may be going through hard times as well. I learned that having resilience and compassion can make life less depressing because making something out of bad experiences can allow people to feel more accomplished with life. That is what I want; I would like to live life feeling accomplished.

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