. Cultural explanations for differences in rates of violence and victimization

Which of the following is not a status offense? (Points : 1)

Liquor violations
Curfew violations
Illicit drug use


Question 2.2. Amy admits to having tried marijuana in the 10th grade. She joins about __________ of all Americans, who have tried an illicit drug at least once by the 12th grade. (Points : 1)



Question 3.3. Cultural explanations for differences in rates of violence and victimization across racial/ethnic categories point to _____________. (Points : 1)

differences in group norms and beliefs
differences in aspects of society and its institutions more broadly
age and gender


Question 4.4. The author would agree that __________ factors explain criminality and victimization. (Points : 1)

psychological, biological, and sociological
mainly psychological
primarily environmental
mainly biological


Question 5.5. In their research, Kruttschnitt and Carbone-Lopez (2006) found the following explanations for why women were involved in violent incidents except ____________. (Points : 1)

perceived disrespect or humiliation


Question 6.6. Gangs flourish where ____________. (Points : 1)

opportunities to legally succeed are limited
opportunities for crime are limited
positive male role models exist
schools and after school programs are well funded


Question 7.7. The narrowing of the gender gap among criminal offenders is most likely a result of ____________. (Points : 1)

changes in policy and law enforcement response to crime
a much more violent female offender than in years past
changes in property crime rates
a decrease in poverty among women


Question 8.8. Studies show that __________ are more likely to continue to commit crimes into adulthood. (Points : 1)

teens without deviant peers
adolescent-limited offenders
late starters
early starters


Question 9.9. One key difference between women’s prisons and men’s prisons is ____________. (Points : 1)

the availability of prison programming
the development of pseudofamilies
the inmate code of conduct
predictors of violence and misconduct
All of the above


Question 10.10. In 2010, the number of American juveniles between the ages of 0 and 17 in the general population, listed by race from most to least, was ____________. (Points : 1)

White, Hispanic, Black, and Asian
White, Black, Asian, and Hispanic
White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian
Black, White, Hispanic, and Asian


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