Carefully explain the ontological argument as formulated by Anselm. Kant objects to this argument, claiming that existence is not a predicate. Explain Kant’s objection. Do you think Kant’s objection undermines the ontological argument?
 Carefully explain the teleological argument for the existence of God. Hume raises a number of interesting objections to this argument. Do you think Hume’s objections undermine the teleological argument?
 Compare and contrast Plato and Gettier on the criterion of knowledge. Who do you think has the most convincing view?
 Carefully evaluate Unger’s claim that knowledge requires certainty. In science we say that a theory can be highly corroborated but can never be proven true. Does this lend support to Unger’s position?
 Discuss Descartes’ Dream Argument. Consider the movie The Matrix. Using Descartes’ logic, could Neo have discovered that he was trapped in the matrix when he was so-situated?
 Explain Hume’s argument for the claim that we don’t know that the sun will rise tomorrow. Do you think Hume is justified in this claim?
 Explain how the mind-body problem arises for Descartes. Do you think Descartes’ solution is satisfactory?
 Compare and contrast Cartesian dualism and the identity theory. Which do you think is the most plausible? Do you think our subjective mental experiences can be reduced to neuroscience—i.e., do you think the statement “I am in pain” is identical to “my C-fibers are firing”?
Please compose a 3-5 page essay in response to one of these questions. Read the assignment instructions and carefully follow the formatting guidelines. Essays should have a general introductory paragraph with a thesis, body paragraphs with exposition drawing from the assigned material and a section with critical analysis in which you defend your thesis statement.
Essays will be graded on clarity of expression, accuracy of exposition and quality of philosophical argumentation.
M2S3 Watch Video: Anselm and the Ontological Argument for God’s Existence. M2S4 View Presentation: Anselm’s Ontological Argument.