1. Which of the following correctly describes the relationship between victimology and criminology?
|[removed]||a.||Victimology encompasses several sub-disciplines, including criminology.
|[removed]||b.||Although they address similar topics, their research and analytic methods markedly differ.
|[removed]||c.||Victimology can be considered an area of specialization within criminology.
|[removed]||d.||Victimologists only study the victims of crimes, and criminologists only study the offenders.
1. Both criminologists and victimologists place a great emphasis on following the proper ways of gathering and interpreting data.
1. Which of the following laws mandates convicted sex offenders register with their local police department?
1. One of the confounding myths of serial murder is that they are all, by definition _____.
|[removed]||a.||committed by killers who report prior criminality and incarcerations.|
|[removed]||d.||cases of sane individuals who commit atrocities on society.|
1. Statistics can be used to _____.
|[removed]||a.||expose patterns of crime|
|[removed]||b.||measure victimization rates|
|[removed]||c.||do all of these.|
|[removed]||d.||demonstrate crime variation across time|
1. The National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS) is an overhaul of ____.
|[removed]||b.||various state reporting systems|
|[removed]||c.||all of these|
1. Which of the following is included in Part I of the UCR?
|[removed]||d.||all of these|
1. The UCR employs the “hierarchy rule.” This means that:
|[removed]||a.||police agencies are ranked according to the population they serve|
|[removed]||b.||federal crimes are considered more important than state crimes|
|[removed]||c.||if more than one offense occurs in the same incident, then only the most serious crime is reported|
|[removed]||d.||crimes are assigned a point value depending on severity, so that “serious” crimes are weighted more heavily in the results|
1. Between 1993 and 2002 in the United States, _____.
|[removed]||a.||there was virtually no change in the rate of robberies|
|[removed]||b.||the rate of robberies fell dramatically|
|[removed]||c.||the rate of robberies rose dramatically|
|[removed]||d.||conflicting definitions of “robbery” make it impossible to define trends|
1. In the United States, the peak years of risk for being a victim of homicide are _____.
1. How many serial murder cases are linked directly to Satanic worship or cult-related activities?
|[removed]||d.||less than 5 percent|
1. This killer had subpar intelligence, suffered from kryptopyroluria, suffered multiple head traumas, was raised in a dysfunctional family, experienced sexual and physical abuse, had homosexual experiences at age 11, had sex with animals, and went on as an adult to kill female prostitutes. He sometimes returned to the crime scenes days later to mutilate the corpses and take trophies.
1. Who are the “quiet killers”?
|[removed]||a.||female serial killers|
|[removed]||b.||persons who kill with poisons|
|[removed]||c.||male hospital orderlies|
|[removed]||d.||persons who kill family members|
1. Wolfgang noted a preponderance of killings among the _____, where interpersonal violence was more “acceptable.”
|[removed]||b.||lower socioeconomic classes|
|[removed]||c.||higher socioeconomic classes|
1. What do Hirschi’s four elements of the social bond include?
|[removed]||a.||attachment, participation, cooperation, and regulation|
|[removed]||b.||attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief|
|[removed]||c.||alliances, involvement, participation, and belief|
|[removed]||d.||alliances, commitment, cooperation, and regulation|
1. When murder rates in various countries are analyzed, higher rates tend to be associated with _____.
|[removed]||a.||the average age of the population|
|[removed]||b.||the country’s climate|
|[removed]||c.||great economic inequality|
|[removed]||d.||the treatment of women|
1. A police department that is _____ is more likely to have a victim advocacy unit.
1. Many police departments have established _____ to reexamine old unsolved serious crimes.
|[removed]||a.||victim assistance programs|
|[removed]||b.||citizen’s arrest units|
|[removed]||d.||cold case squads|
1. Punishment in the form of imprisonment has been defended as a method of enhancing public safety by incapacitating dangerous predators.
1. Justifying punishment on the grounds of just deserts implies that punishment is a morally sound practice, regardless of any value it has in deterring or incapacitating criminals.
1. In the criminal justice system, pledges, entitlements, privileges, benefits, options, practices, and opportunities for redress are commonly referred to as _____.
|[removed]||d.||plea deals of the hour|
1. The _____ guarantees accused persons the right to a speedy trial.
1. A federal truth-in-sentencing law, passed in 1987 and adopted in most states, requires offenders to serve at least _____ percent of their court-imposed sentence.
1. Prosecutors always put the interests of the victim above those of the government and their bureaucracy.
1. In their prosecutorial role, Assistant District Attorneys can take steps to protect victims and witnesses from intimidation.
1. Discuss how the importance of victims and their role in the criminal justice system has changed over time. (5pts)
1. Compare and contrast the FBI’s Uniform Crime Report and the National Crime Victimization Survey. Be sure to discuss its sources of information and how results from each are interpreted. (5pts)
1. Assume a scenario where a husband has a long history of physical abuse toward his wife and children. The wife’s order of protection and previous complaints to the police have not stopped the abuse. One night, the wife shoots the husband in his sleep. Examine this scenario from the perspectives of “victim blaming,” “victim defending,” and “system blaming.” (5pts)
1. The notions of victim facilitation, precipitation, and provocation have been derived from the broader theme of shared responsibility. Outline and discuss each of these concepts. Compare and contrast them. (5pts)