PHI210 Week 6 Assignment Exam 1 Latest 2017


Question 1

Aaron is choosing his classes for the upcoming college semester and making sure they align with his future career plans. Which BEST describes the habit of critical thinking he is practicing?

Question 2

You can strengthen the quality of your opinion on an issue by ______ people who think differently than you.

Question 3

Which of these questions has the most potential for debate?

Question 4

Which habit of critical thinking do individuals who keep food diaries and practice daily exercise BEST represent?

Question 5

A rule of thumb for using to critical thinking to find solutions and make decisions is to seek which of the following?

Question 6

Which statement BEST summarizes the barriers to critical thinking explained in this chapter?

Question 7

Which of the following BEST summarizes the relationship between groups and culture and critical thinking?

Question 8

Which statement BEST describes the role of emotions in political issues and/or elections?

Question 9

Which strategy helps combat hostility?

Question 10

Ever since she was in high school, Tamille has been deeply committed to her belief that animal testing in all forms is wrong. One day she gets into a debate about this topic with her classmate Carissa, a strong proponent of animal testing, and she finds herself getting angry and emotional during the conversation. Which is the MOST likely explanation for Tamille’s reaction?

Question 11

Which of the following is TRUE of an inductive argument?

Question 12

In what way can evaluating inductive arguments be more difficult than validating deductive arguments?

Question 13

Vicky is trying to convince Todd that he should eat at the new Thai restaurant in town because the food is tasty, affordable, and healthy.She then explains that the food at the restaurant is healthy because the chefs avoid hydrogenated oils and use natural sweeteners when possible. Vicky’s argument about why the food is healthy serves as which of the following?

Question 14

An inductive argument USUALLY starts with which of the following?

Question 15

Blaise wants to convince his manager to allow well-behaved pets in the office. His inductive argument would be strongest if he provided which of the following support?

Question 16

Which of the following represents a “post hoc propter ergo hoc” fallacy?

Question 17

William took a shower on a cold afternoon in winter.Promptly after getting out of the shower he put his bathrobe on and walked outside to get the newspaper. The next night he felt achy and feverish. His wife told him it was because he went out in the cold with wet hair. This is an example of the _________ fallacy.

Question 18

A 1987 Public Service Announcement showed a man who held up an egg and said, “This is your brain,” then picked up a frying pan and added, “This is drugs.” He then cracks open the egg, fries the contents, and says, “This is your brain on drugs.” Finally he looks up at the camera and asks, “Any questions?” This is an example of a(n) __________ fallacy.

Question 19

Which of the following represents an “ad hominem” fallacy?

Question 20

4 out of 4 points

_________ is characterized by trying to persuade the audience by arousing feelings such as pity, fear, patriotism, flattery, etc. in place of presenting rational arguments.

Question 21

A geologist has been studying a particular type of rock for almost 25 years. He recently had some ideas about cloud formations and shared them in a journal article. Which of the following led to a loss in the expert’s credibility?

Question 22

Why should you evaluate claims against things you already know?

Question 23

Don was researching apple production for a farm stand orchard. He found a .com that discussed apple production and sold apple cider, a .com that discussed apple production and sold dried fruit, a .org that educated the community on growing apple trees, and a .org that advocated for removing genetically modified (GMO) trees from orchards. Based upon what you know about website types and target audiences, which site should Don consider the MOST credible?

Question 24

Kevin tells his coworker Luis that it is going to rain tomorrow. Which of the following scenarios would make Kevin’s claim most credible to Luis?

Question 25

According to the text, which of the following is an essential question that should be asked while evaluating a source?