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1.Specific problem, physiological causes, major symptoms: A common neurological issue, as the leading cause of adult disability and fifth leading cause of death in the U.S. is cerebrovascular accident (CVA), or stroke (Falkner & Green, 2018). A major modifiable risk factor for CVA is hypertension. CVA occurs when there is an occlusion of blood flow to the brain, depriving the brain of oxygen and causing brain cells to die (Falkner & Green, 2018).

After being diagnosed with a stroke, it is key for health care providers to act as quickly as possible. Patient’s need to get a head CT scan for diagnosis and treat with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) if appropriate for the type of stroke found on the scan within three hours of onset (Falkner & Green, 2018).

Health promotion initiatives for American’s at risk for stroke and their families are education of FAST intervention. The FAST acronym is a tool to educate the community to better understand what to watch for and what to do if they suspect their loved one may be suffering from a stroke.

“F” stands for face. You want to look for a facial droop on one side of the face or a asymmetrical smile (Falkner & Green, 2018).

“A” stands for arms. When asked to raise both arms, a person experiencing a stroke may have one arm that drifts downwards or inability to lift one arm (Falkner & Green, 2018).

“S” stands for speech. You want to assess the person for slurred or inappropriate speech.

“T” is for time. Time is detrimental in cases of stroke to prevent any further brain damage or death (Falkner & Green, 2018).

References:

Falkner, A. & Green, S. (2018). Neurological, perceptual, and cognitive complexities. In Pathophysiology: Clinical Applications for Client Health. Grand Canyon University (Ed.). Retrieved from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs410v/pathophysiology-cl…

 

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