What are the necessary and sufficient conditions of therapy, according to Person Centered therapy?

2. James is awakened at night by the barking dog (Hans) who lives next door. James opens his window and yells at the dog, to no avail. James next throws one of his best shoes at the dog, who immediately stops barking and busily chews on the shoe. James’ shoe-throwing behavior has been:

a. positively rei nforced.

b. counterconditioned.

c. negatively reinforced.

d. James’ behavior will not change.

23. In the previous question, the dog’s behavior has been:

a. counter conditioned.

b. positively reinforced.

c. negatively reinforced.

d. punished.

24. Susan wants her boyfriend to kiss her more often. Unfortunately, boyfriend Dan does not approach Susan physically very much. Susan begins to smile and say nice things to Dan every time he comes within six inches of her. Pretty soon, Dan is so close that he touches Susan. She smiles and says very nice things to him. Susan continues to reward Dan’s behavior when he touches her and finally one day he kisses her. She jumps for joy. What technique is she using?

a. shaping

b. negative reinforcement

c. positive punishment

d. none of the above

25. Dave has a shoe phobia. It is so bad that he can’t go to work because he works construction and his boss will not allow him to come to work barefoot. Dave consults with Phil, the behavior therapist. Phil discovers that when Dave was young, his dad would beat Dave with his wingtip shoes when he did something wrong. For Dave, shoes are:

a. the conditioned response.

b. the conditioned stimulus.

c. the unconditioned stimulus.

d. the unconditioned response.



Written Assignment for Unit Two

• Include your name, student number, course number, course title and unit number on each page of your written assignment (this is for your protection in case your materials become separated).

• Begin each written assignment by identifying the question number you are answering followed by the actual question itself (in bold type).

• Use a standard essay format for responses to all questions (i.e. an introduction, middle paragraphs and conclusion).

• Responses must be submitted as a MS Word Document only, typed double-spaced, using a

standard font (i.e. Times New Roman) and 12 point type size.

Word count is NOT one of the criteria that is used in assigning points to written assignments. However, students who are successful in earning the maximum number of points tend to submit written assignments that fall in the following ranges:

Undergraduate courses: 350 – 500 words or 1 – 2 pages. Graduate courses: 500 – 750 words or 2 – 3 pages. Doctoral courses: 750 – 1000 words or 4 – 5 pages.


All work must be free of any form of plagiarism. Put written answers into your own words. Do not simply cut and paste your answers from the Internet and do not copy your answers from the textbook. Be sure to refer to the course Syllabus for more detai Is on plagiarism and proper citation styles.

Please answer ONE of the following:

1. What are the necessary and sufficient conditions of therapy, according to Person Centered therapy? What does the research tell us about these conditions?

2. Evaluate Existential Theory’s utility for clients who are of diverse backgrounds. What are its strengths and potential pitfalls?

3. Describe how you might use modeling procedures in helping a client learn a specific social skill.



24. Based on question #23 above, which of the following techniques is Betty LEAST likely to use with Shanelle?

a. Gender role analysis

b. Systematic desensitization

c. Self disclosure

d. Assertiveness training

25. Based on question #23, Shanelle’s treatment plan for therapy will MOST likely include which of the followi ng goals?

a. Appreciate and accept the fundamental differences between people from different ethnic

backgrou nds.

b. Appreciate and accept the fundamental differences between men and women.

c. Develop a personal sense of power.

d. Develop rational thoughts about her perceptions of the majority culture.



7. Janie is the youngest child in a large family. Her relatives all live down the street from Janie, but Janie refuses to visit anyone, even for Thanksgiving dinner. According to Bowen, Janie is displaying:

a. emotional cutoff.

b. triangulation.

c. disengagement.

d. pseudo self.

Please answer questions 8 – 10 based on the paragraph below:

Jessie sought therapy because he was fired from his last two jobs and his wife has threatened to file for divorce unless he attended counseling. During the initial meeting, Jessie told his therapist, Greg, that he isn’t really sure why he needs to come to counseling; after all, his bosses were “just really unreasonable” and his wife is “always nagging him” about not working.

8. Greg, who is a Solution Focused Therapist, hypothesizes that Jessie might be a:

a. customer.

b. complementary receiver.

c. complainant.

d. visitor.

9. Greg is likely to focus on Jessie’s:

a. thoughts about how the two of them could work together to make something different in

Jessie’s life.

b. difficulty taking responsibility for being fired.

c. relationship with his wife.

d. apparent lack of concern for the problems that he is encountering ..

10. Which of the following interventions is Greg likely to try with Jessie?

a. differentiation

b. compliments

c. having Jessie make a genogram

d. hypnotherapy



24. A client who shows initial attempts to change their behavior is in what stage of change in the Transtheoretical Model?

a. Pre-contemplation

b. Preparation

c. Traveling

d. Procrastination

25. Laura is working with a client from a Person Centered approach and determined that the client is in Stage 3 of the therapy process. Laura’s colleague, Matt, who practices therapy from the Transtheoretical approach, consults with Laura on the case and determines that her client is in the __ stage of change.

a. precontemplation

b. procrasti nation

c. preparation

d. preliminary


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