1. The form of the melody called the bar form is represented by
2. Handel’s Messiah is classified as a/an
3. The group of instruments accompanying a solo singer in an opera is known collectively as the
C. harmonic ensemble.
D. basso continuo.
4. Another word for “round” is
5. The first opera to win widespread acclaim was
A. Purcell’s Dido and Aeneas.
B. Handel’s Rinaldo.
C. Handel’s Messiah.
D. Monteverdi’s Orpheus.
6. The _______ is a musical form that utilizes multiple soloists.
A. Gothic motet
C. concerto grosso
D. chorale prelude
7. The last movement of Bach’s Cantata no. 140 is what texture?
B. A ritornello
8. A style of vocal music that’s a cross between singing and speaking is commonly referred to as
9. The rigaudon is a fast, often cheerful dance in _______ meter.
10. Handel’s first operatic hit, which premiered in London in 1711, was
B. Four Seasons.
D. Giulio Cesare.
11. Music work performed in a series is called a/an
12. Which of the following is the type of polyphony used in a fugue?
A. Fugal exposition
B. Imitative counterpoint
D. Middle entry
13. A _______ performance usually requires the musicians to embellish the part written for them.
14. What is the difference between an oratorio and an opera?
A. An oratorio doesn’t include an aria and an opera does.
B. The opera is based on a sacred topic and an oratorio isn’t.
C. An opera is staged and an oratorio isn’t.
D. An oratorio doesn’t include recitatives.
15. The use of two violins and a basso continuo forms which combination of music?
B. Trio sonata
C. Sonata da chiesa
D. Sonata da camera
16. The most popular oratorio is
B. Der Messias.
17. An instruments-only piece played at the opening of an opera is known as a/an
C. prima prattica.
18. The main theme of a fugue is called the
19. All of the following instruments would be likely to play the basso continuo in a Baroque musical piece
20. Instrumental work written for a soloist and a larger ensemble is called a
End of exam
1-Native American chant incorporates meaningless sung syllables that serve as a form of melodic
A. drone bass.
D. duple meter.
2. A measured performance that adheres consistently to the duple meter would be read as
3. Landini’s tendency to intersperse occasional melismas in text that was generally syllabic in nature helped
to ensure that the music
A. was easily understood by the listener.
B. had enjoyable rhythm.
C. wasn’t monotonous.
D. conveyed happiness.
4. Von Bingen’s Play of Virtues is set to which of the following types of music?
C. Liturgical plainchant
5. A capella choral music is meant to be
A. sung by women only.
B. sung by men only.
C. sung without instrumental accompaniment.
D. played in church on an organ.
6. Roy will play a melody in triple meter and place the pulse of the meter on the first beat. Chuck will play
the triple meter melody and place the pulse of the meter on the third beat. Who is playing the melody with
the correct pulse?
B. Both are playing the melody correctly.
C. Neither is playing the melody correctly.
7. If you’re studying the science of sound, you’re studying which of the following?
8. Until the sixteenth century, music was written primarily
A. for just one voice.
B. in the major mode.
C. in the minor mode.
D. for dance.
9. A single, long note held underneath a melodic line is known as a
A. drone bass.
D. homophonic line.
10. Smooth, stepwise movement within a melodic phrase, subphrase, or statement is known as _______
11. Renaissance composers used which of the following to create polyphonic textures?
A. Ternary forms
12. An example of a percussion instrument is the
13. A series of notes that moves stepwise and covers a complete span is called a/an
D. whole step.
14. In _______ texture, every line is, in effect, a melody.
15. The texture of Gregorian chant is said to be
16. What invention during the Renaissance period enabled people to purchase music for their own personal
A. Faster delivery service
B. Electronic recording devices
C. Instruments for trained transcription workers
D. Printing press
17. Accented notes that run against the regular pulse of the musical meter are referred to as
C. duple meter.
18. In plainchant, a sentence of text almost always ends with
A. a minor chord.
B. disjunct motion.
D. the note D.
19. The basic framework for ordering music through time is the
End of exam
20. In musical language, mezzo forte (mf) signals that the music’s volume should be
A. very loud.
B. medium loud.
C. medium soft.
1. The music of the Classical era reflects the principles of
A. extravagance and unpredictability.
B. ornamentation and extremes.
C. the splendor of the church.
D. clarity and proportion.
2. Singing the alphabet song to the tune of Mozart’s “Ah, vous dirai-je, maman” is an example of
A. musical appropriation.
B. thematic variation.
C. musical duplication.
3. The opening section of a minuet is known as the
A. minuet proper.
B. minuet exposition.
C. opening theme.
D. opening idea.
4. The dialogue in an opera is translated for the audience in the
5. When the Italian words da capo appear at the end of a measure, the musician is being instructed to
A. play the next part of the music quietly.
B. play the main part of the musical piece over again.
C. hold the notes for an extra three beats.
D. play the refrain.
6. Which one of the following patterns represents the rondo form?
A. A B A C A
B. A B C D
C. D C B A
D. A A B B C
7. The _______ is an essential characteristic of the sonata form.
A. sudden crescendo
B. development of themes
C. fluctuation of rhythm
D. absence of harmony
8. The second section of a sonata is commonly called the
9. Which of the following does opera buffa portray?
A. Religious characters and stories
B. Real-life characters and situations
C. Historical characters and situations
D. Mythological characters and stories
10. What dates are commonly assigned to the Classical period?
11. The last “act” of a sonata is known as the
D. secondary key area.
12. Which of the following is the highest voice in a string quartet?
B. Violin 2
D. Violin 1
13. A soloist can display his virtuosity to the fullest during the
14. In a string quartet, the bass instrument is the
A. bass guitar.
15. In a sonata form selection, the theme is presented in the
A. tonic or home key.
16. In an opera, the standard accompaniment for a recitative is
A. a function of the string quartet.
B. the basso continuo alone.
C. sung by a soprano.
D. played by the orchestra.
17. Opera _______ is a light, frequently comic style of opera.
18. The first section of a sonata in which the theme is presented is commonly called the
19. Which of the following is a long work for orchestra, usually made up of four movements?
20. A courtly dance in triple meter, with the accent on the first beat of each measure, was the
End of exam
1. A Midsummer Night’s Dream, William Shakespeare’s play about the collision of reality and fantasy, was
captured in a musical piece by
A. Ludwig van Beethoven.
B. Franz Schubert.
C. Felix Mendelssohn.
D. Hector Berlioz.
2. The oratorio Elijah was written by the nineteenth century composer
A. Franz Schubert.
B. Felix Mendelssohn.
C. Robert Schumann.
D. Frédéric Chopin.
3. In 2001, the President of Turkmenistan banned
B. all music.
C. rock music.
D. ballet and opera.
4. The rhythm of the opening statement of Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony is
5. Influenced by Dvořák, _______ is credited as the first American woman to have written a symphony.
A. Clara Wieck Schumann
B. Louise Farrenc
C. Amy Marcy Cheney Beach
D. Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel
6. The overture to A Midsummer Night’s Dream is a one-movement work
A. famous for the interplay of piano, violin, and cello.
B. that presents the same basic musical idea in each strophe of the text.
C. in sonata form.
D. known for the massive sound of the orchestra.
7. Which composer called himself a tone poet—a poet who creates with music rather than words?
8. _______ was called the “Valkyrie of the Piano.”
A. Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel
B. Clara Wieck Schumann
C. Teresa Carreno
D. Robert Schumann
9. Prolonged exposure to volume greater than _______ decibels is considered dangerous.
10. In the overture to A Midsummer Night’s Dream, the kingdom of the fairies, led by Oberon and Titania,
is represented by the
11. Berlioz insisted that a _______ be distributed to his audiences to provide an overview of the dramatic
structure of his work.
B. musical score
12. When you hear a recurring melody in a programmatic piece like Symphonie fantastique, you’re
experiencing which of the following?
B. Idée fixe
13. Franz Schubert was known for having written
A. four operas.
B. 100 violin concertos.
C. 144 lieder.
D. 11 symphonies.
14. Which of the following works helped to redefine the symphony as a genre?
A. Beethoven’s Sixth Symphony
B. Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony
C. Symphonie fantastique
D. Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony
15. A piano trio is made up of
A. a piano, violin, and viola.
B. three pianos.
C. a piano, violin, and cello.
D. a piano, organ, and pianoforte.
16. In his Fifth Symphony, Beethoven
A. limits the harmony of the string section.
B. introduces the short-LONG-short-LONG rhythm.
C. utilizes the percussion section in a whole new way.
D. contrasts the wind instruments with the string instruments.
17. Symphonie fantastique, which depicts an artist’s execution by guillotine, was written by the nineteenth
C. Caspar David Friedrich.
D. Giacchino Rossini.
18. _______ music is generally associated with nonmusical ideas and objects.
19. Clara Wieck Schumann’s “Forward!” was written for a/an
A. brass band.
B. a capella chorus.
C. full orchestra.
D. madrigal choir.
End of exam
20. The piano became a popular instrument for middle-class families when
A. mass production became possible.
B. the Civil War ended.
C. the Transcontinental Railroad was completed.
D. Dvořák composed The American
1. Which composer is thought to epitomize Romanticism?
2. A mazurka is a Polish folk dance written in which of the following meters?
3. Which opera was written to celebrate the opening of the Suez Canal?
C. Il Trovatore
4. Which one of the following musical notations allows performers to improvise slightly with the rhythm?
5. Why was Richard Wagner considered the most progressive composer of his day?
A. He used the tala pulses in his orchestrations.
B. He advanced the harmonic idiom of music into new, exciting realms.
C. He introduced the libretto to the opera.
D. He combined choral music and orchestral music.
6. Compared to a violin, a cello has a _______ register.
7. A single pair of notes played repeatedly in succession is known as a/an
A. hee haw.
B. sotto voce.
C. a capella.
D. drone bass.
8. The styles of singing in Wagner and Verdi operas differ. Jane says that the style of singing in a Verdi
opera is virtuosic and elaborate. Lynn says that the style of singing in a Wagner opera is more syllabic.
Who is correct in describing the different styles of singing?
A. Only Jane is correct.
B. Neither Jane nor Lynn is correct.
C. Both Jane and Lynn are correct.
D. Only Lynn is correct.
9. Ravi Shankar is known for his mastery of the 18-stringed lute called the
D. jhala tar.
10. In Brahms’ Symphony no. 4 in E Minor, the composer derived much of the form and theme from the
A. music of the Renaissance.
B. music of the Middle Ages.
C. Baroque era.
D. Classical era.
11. In Verdi’s La Traviata, Violetta sings _______ when unsure of herself.
A. a virtuoso
B. in recitative
C. in a lower key
D. an aria
12. A raga solo always begins with the sounding of tones in _______ motion.
13. The various melodies heard in Dvořák’s “String Quartet in F Major” have a/an _______ quality.
14. Louis Moreau Gottschalk’s “Union: Concert Paraphrase on National Airs” was written for
A. string quartet.
B. chamber orchestra.
15. The _______ measures musical time using a pendulum.
16. Wagner drew on _______ for his opera The Ring of the Nibelungs.
A. Greek mythology
B. Roman mythology
C. northern European mythology
D. religious dogma
17. _______ exemplifies the best elements of nineteenth-century Italian opera.
B. La Boheme
C. La Traviata
18. In response to the outbreak of the Civil War, which composer wrote a solo piano piece that
incorporated the “Star Spangled Banner,” “Hail Columbia,” and “Yankee Doodle” into the work?
19. The first American-born piano virtuoso to achieve international fame was
End of exam
20. The third movement of Dvořák’s “String Quartet in F Major” contains a light-hearted passage in a fast
tempo and in triple meter called a
1. The smallest distance between two adjacent notes on a piano is a
A. whole note.
B. quarter note.
C. whole step.
D. half step.
2. Modernism, a movement that represented an abolishment of tradition and a quest for novelty, took place
A. Middle nineteenth century
B. Early twentieth century
C. Early twenty-first century
D. Classical period
3. _______ used themes from popular songs and hymns in his orchestral works.
A. Charles Ives
B. Duke Ellington
C. Scott Joplin
D. Igor Stravinsky
4. A _______ scale is based on five notes.
5. The _______ style is an attempt to revive the approach used by composers in the latter half of the
C. New Baroque
6. The most common pattern of verses in blues songs is the _______ pattern.
7. Expressionist music is generally thought of as
8. In The Unanswered Question, the strings are played
A. fast and loud for shock value.
B. in constant competition with the brass.
C. as if they’re playing a slow hymn.
D. in unresolved dissonance.
9. Bebop is a style of
10. _______ is a singing technique that’s part speech and part song.
11. The _______ were interested in the hypnotic quality of the repeated melodic fragments and interlocked
patterns created by the gamelan.
12. _______ notes are produced by lowering the third, fifth, or seventh steps of major scales.
13. Jody says that atonal harmony establishes a harmonic center of gravity. Sean says that atonal harmony
doesn’t have a harmonic center of gravity. Who is correct?
A. Both Jody and Sean are correct.
B. Neither Jody nor Sean is correct.
C. Only Jody is correct.
D. Only Sean is correct.
14. You’ll find the “circle-of-fifths” chord progression used in which of the following types of music?
D. Big band jazz
15. Debussy’s Voiles was inspired by a Javanese ensemble known as a
16. Music that doesn’t center on a particular key is referred to as
17. Which of the following composers sought to obtain a nonpercussive sound from the piano in his
18. Standard Song Form for popular hits of the 1920s and 1930s was
19. _______ music is written in two or more chords played simultaneously.
End of exam
20. Ragtime composers often made use of
1. A repeated melodic and rhythmic figure in the lower register of the piano is typical of the Afro-Cuban
dance music known as
2. Which one of the following composers is best known for promoting aleatory music?
A. Franz Wozzek
B. John Cage
C. Béla Bartók
D. Richard Strauss
3. Einstein on a Beach was a unique opera because it
A. was written in Chinese.
B. had a single violinist.
C. had no plot and very little singing.
D. was exclusively recitative.
4. Tamra says that the difference between an opera and a musical is that the opera includes more spoken
word than singing. Eduardo says that the musical contains singing with some spoken dialog. Who is correct
in citing the difference?
B. Both Tamra and Eduardo
D. Neither Tamra nor Eduardo
5. The progression of four basic chords that was used in many popular songs of the 1950s and 1960s is
referred to as _______ chord progression.
6. For the movie Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, Chinese-American _______ was enlisted to play the
cello to offset the Asian-sounding erhu.
A. Xiaohui Ma
B. Tan Dun
C. Ang Lee
D. Yo-Yo Ma
7. Which song crossed racial boundaries by achieving success on both the R&B and pop charts?
A. “Fight the Power”
B. “My Ding-a-Ling”
C. “Please Mr. Postman”
D. “School Day”
8. Which of John Cage’s works has been perceived by some as a joke?
A. Illiac Suite
B. Einstein on a Beach
C. Imaginary Landscape no. 4
9. A chromatic scale consists entirely of
A. half steps.
B. quarter steps.
C. tonal centers.
D. whole steps.
10. _______ music is based on frequent repetition (with small variations) of a small musical idea.
11. The hand-clapping at the beginning of the song “Please Mr. Postman” is known as the
C. shuffle groove.
12. A musical style that combines traditional and modern elements is called
13. Agnes de Mille choreographed Aaron Copland’s Rodeo to blend
A. ballet with tap.
B. jazz with ballet.
C. square dance with Irish jig.
D. ballet with square dance.
14. The type of music that blended the musical styles of jump blues and honky-tonk was
A. hip hop.
B. rock ‘n’ roll.
15. In the song “Tonight” from the musical West Side Story, the composer distributed two basic melodies
among different characters to create a kind of _______, in which nothing disappears but new layers are
A. consonant counterpoint
B. dissonant form
C. layered presence
D. additive form
16. John Cage’s 4’33” is an example of _______ music.
17. In “Hoe Down,” Aaron Copeland creates variety through varying the
18. The _______ is a xylophone-like instrument with tubular resonators under each bar.
A. suspended cymbal
19. The first African American to have a major opera performed by a major American opera company was
A. Langston Hughes.
B. William Grant Still.
End of exam
C. Scott Joplin.
D. Robert Johnson.
20. Which of the following composers wrote the music for West Side Story?
A. Leonard Bernstein
B. George M. Cohan
C. Cole Porter
D. Jerome Kern
1. Henri wants to indicate in the musical score that all the instruments should play. What word will he write
in the score?
A. Da Capo
2. A synthesis of Chinese musical elements and European-American idioms is found in
A. Tan Dun’s “Farewell.”
B. The Reunion.
C. Glass’s Etudes.
D. Cherry Blossom.
3. When all the instruments in an ensemble are playing in the same rhythm, the process is called
4. According to your textbook, which composer is considered to be the most controversial composer who
5. The pitch produced by a clarinet is modified by the use of
6. The _______ voice is the highest voice in vocal music.
7. Tony says that a distinguishing characteristic of the Stradivarius violin is the nature of the wood from
which it’s made. Shin Lee says that it’s the shape of the f holes that gives the instrument its distinct
characteristic. Who is correct?
A. Neither Tony nor Shin Lee is correct.
B. Only Tony is correct.
C. Both Tony and Shin Lee are correct.
D. Only Shin Lee is correct.
8. Every mass political movement since the _______ has had its songs.
A. Civil War
B. French Revolution of 1789
D. Revolutionary War
9. When we hear three or more notes played simultaneously, we’re hearing a
A. monophonic line.
C. polyphonic texture.
10. An example of African American syncretism is
A. rhyme singing.
B. treble singing.
C. a capella chorale.
11. The _______ of a song are often referred to as stanzas.
12. Which of the following is a traditional Indian instrument?
13. The instrument that usually has the leading role in a piano trio is the
14. The dactylic meter of poetry corresponds to the _______ in music.
A. bar form
B. triple meter
15. The _______ is an example of a non-pitched instrument.
16. Who wrote The Nutcracker?
A. Piotr Tchaikovsky
B. Felix Mendelssohn
C. Boris Gudonov
D. Alexandr Pushkin
17. The text pattern of Robert Johnson’s “Terraplane Blues” is typical of songs in the
A. blue-note melody.
B. 8-to-the-bar pattern.
C. 12-bar blues.
D. European classical tradition.
18. Bass and soprano registers are aspects of
B. rhythmic values.
19. Who wrote Don Giovanni?
20. A _______ scale consists of five notes.
21. Which composer drew heavily on northern European mythology, including many of the same sources
used by J.R.R. Tolkien in his Lord of the Rings?
22. The music of Philip Glass is written mostly in the _______ style.
23. Word painting is a technique commonly used by composers of
B. program music.
24. Alphonsus wants to include unified timbre in part of his cantata. How will this be accomplished?
A. The violins will have a solo and will all play harmony notes.
B. The orchestra will play in unison while the chorus sings in harmony.
C. The chorus will sing in unison while the orchestra plays an accompaniment.
D. The instruments in the orchestra will play the same notes that the chorus is singing.
25. Which step of a minor scale is slightly lower than in the corresponding step of a major scale?
26. Which one of the following terms refers to a slight deviation from the exact rhythm?
C. Stop time
27. The _______ is the second act of the sonata form.
28. Gottschalk’s Union is an example of _______ as an attempt to connect purely instrumental music with
the wider world of events and ideas.
A. program music
C. art songs
29. Bach’s Cantata no. 140 is an intricate reconstruction of a
A. patriotic song.
B. Baroque operetta.
C. well-known hymn.
D. popular ballet tune.
30. The Broadway musical is descended from the
31. Dylan says that the conga and cachiche are non-pitched instruments. Lyla says that the cowbell and
cymbal are non-pitched instruments. Who is correct?
A. Both Dylan and Lyla are correct.
B. Only Lyla is correct.
C. Only Dylan is correct.
D. Neither Dylan nor Lyla is correct.
32. Baroque composers considered the _______ to be the touchstone of their art.
33. The instrument that can create sound digitally and can mimic other instruments by adding partials to the
fundamentals is the
34. A _______ is a type of folk song that tells a story.
35. The binary form in Haydn’s Symphony no. 102 in B flat major, third movement, is represented by
36. When the singers and band repeat a basic section of music while the lead singer improvises on a single
motif, the result is called a
37. Which one of the following is the name used for a Javanese instrumental group?
38. Call-and-response form is often used in _______ music.
39. Eldon says that Berry Gordy founded Motown records to produce big band recording artists. Will says
that Gordy founded Motown to produce R&B musicians. Who is correct?
A. Only Will is correct.
B. Only Eldon is correct.
C. Neither Eldon nor Will is correct.
D. Both Eldon and Will are correct.
40. The principal form of Chinese opera today is known as
End of exam