1. What was the nickname of the artist Domenikos Theotokopoulus?


A. Cimabue


B. Titian


C. Fra Domenico


D. El Greco


2. Caravaggio’s taste for dramatic and theatrical effects is typical of


A. Rococo.


B. Counter-Reformation.


C. Neo-classicism.


D. Baroque.


3. Giotto’s Lamentation in the Arena Chapel in Padua is remarkable primarily because


A. the characters in the painting are presented as individuals.


B. it’s one of the first religious oil paintings with real human figures.


C. Giotto painted it in one sitting and made no revisions to the completed work.


D. of the colors used to convey allegorical meaning.


4. Who was considered the “Leonardo of the North”?


A. Pieter Bruegel


B. Matthias Grünewald


C. Albrecht Durer


D. Hans Holbein


5. Bernini’s David, unlike Michelangelo’s, shows David


A. in motion.


B. as a young man.


C. after he has killed Goliath.


D. at rest.


6. What was the highest goal of the Mannerist artists?


A. Elegance


B. Formal technique


C. Unique use of color


D. Witty social commentary


7. Which one of the following artists inspired Diego Velázquez?


A. Caravaggio


B. Andrea Palladio


C. Raphael


D. Michelangelo


8. The fact that the figures in Leonardo da Vinci’s The Virgin of the Rocks are arranged in a figure triangle


gives the painting


A. clear market value.


B. a strong sense of immediacy.


C. immediate viewer appeal.


D. structural strength.


9. Due to their resemblance to the women painted by the Flemish artist in the early 1600s, full-figured


females even today are often described as


A. Rubenesque.


B. Herregouts.


C. Goossenesque.


D. Teniers.


10. Which of the following statements is the best definition of a triptych?


A. A painting on three panels


B. A carving of the Holy Trinity


C. A painting with a figure triangle


D. A representation of the Stations of the Cross


11. Giotto developed new way of presenting biblical stories by


A. using sacred stories to create a conceptual design.


B. using multiple scenes in up to five windows.


C. choosing one significant moment to illustrate.


D. creating figures that are unearthly and godlike.


12. What was Vigée-Lebrun best known for?


A. Prints


B. Portraits


C. Sculpture


D. Landscapes


13. In the name of what Protestant movement were many of Hans Holbein’s religious paintings destroyed?


A. Iconoclasm


B. Monotheism


C. Papism


D. Agnosticism


14. Which one of the following artists invented impasto?


A. Leonardo da Vinci


B. Raphael


C. Donatello


D. Titian


15. One of the most significant achievements of Albrecht Dürer was to


A. travel to Italy to study the great works of the Italian Renaissance.


B. write treatises on painting, perspective, and human proportions.


C. make the print a fine art form.


D. sketch from nature, studying its most delicate details.


16. Which artistic value is least apparent in Mannerist paintings?


A. Moral message


B. Elegance


C. Meaningful distortion


D. Refined style


17. Which one of the following artists influenced Raphael’s School of Athens?


A. Parmigianino


B. El Greco


C. Caravaggio


D. Michelangelo


18. What quality do the paintings of Titian possess because of his use of the impasto technique in painting?


A. Piety


B. Sensuality


C. Restraint


D. Religiosity


19. The use of light and dark to create dramatic contrast is called


A. tenebroso.


B. chiaroscuro.


C. sfumato.


D. impasto.


20. In religious works of art, the Holy Ghost is often represented symbolically as a/an


A. angel.


B. dove.


C. unicorn.


D. star.